It is a condition of the skin characterized by insufficiency of appropriate amount of water in uppermost layer (epidermis) of the skin. It is marked by scaling, itching and cracking. The medical term for dry skin is Dermatitis or xerosis. It can occur in any part of your body (most likely hands, arms and legs) and affects males and females equally. It can be caused due to number of reasons:– Exposure to dry weather conditions (winter season)
– Frequent hand-washing
– Frequent use of sanitizers
– Side effects of some medication
– Tendency of an individual
– Hypothyroidism or Diabetes mellitus
– Chemicals or soaps
Different types of dry skin are:1. Contact Dermatitis – This is when one’s skin reacts to something it touches, causing localized inflammation. There are two types, irritant contact dermatitis when skin reacts to an irritant and allergic contact dermatitis, if the skin is allergic to some substance such as nickel.
2. Seborrheic Dermatitis – Occurs due to excessive production of oil. Results in red and scaly rash typically over the scalp and trunk.
3. Atopic Dermatitis – It is also known as Eczema. It’s a chronic skin condition in which dry scaly patches appear on the skin, commonly seen in children.
4. Asteatotic Eczema – Seasonal dryness associated with itching and whitish scaling over the body. Using harsh soaps may contribute to it.
5. Senile Xerosis – Age-related shrinkage of sweat and sebaceous glands leads to dry skin in the elderly.
The best treatment is daily use of a good moisturizer lotion. It is important to choose the right kind of moisturizer as per your skin type. Our dermatologist will guide you with the best option after analyzing your condition.